Stay up to date with our ongoing communication to CUSD and our community
Dear InclusioNado Friends,
We are writing to let you know we are still working to lift up the voices of students, teachers and coaches who want to make the Coronado schools a harassment-free zone where all students of all races, ethnicities, abilities and genders are respected and treated equally. Sadly, the Coronado Unified School District’s (CUSD) vision to provide “a safe and respectful environment everyday for all students” has not yet been realized.
There has been a lot of distraction this last year, but InclusioNado is staying true to our goal to eliminate harassment in the classroom, on the playground, in sports and on-line. We continue to stay focused on three specific urgent changes that are needed:
- Communication from CUSD leaders. Last year, thanks to all of our work together, CUSD’s Disciplinary Action Guide (DAG) was changed to prohibit use of language that demeans anyone based on race, gender, sexual orientation, abilities. We continue to ask the Superintendent and Board to communicate this to the administrators, teachers, coaches, parents and students in a letter or email. This is such a simple, reasonable request!
- Make the reporting protocol clear and post it. Parents and students tell us they are unsure how and to whom to report incidents of harassment and what can be expected. Currently, students are reluctant to report incidents because there is lack of clarity about potential backlash if they do report. CUSD must formulate clear and consistent protocol and announce to the CUSD community these key steps: CUSD staff to report to, Incident Reporting tool(s) to use, and when to expect a response. This step is key.
- Training for teachers and coaches. Teachers have asked for help to deal with racial or gender slurs that occur in school. Teachers and coaches need skills to make it clear that CUSD embraces a value of respectful language and will not allow slurs to be used. We’ve heard reports of CUSD athletes using slurs not only against opponents, but within the team against their own teammates. Give teachers and coaches the skills to set a higher standard of behavior in school and in sports.
Your voice helped in the past and can help CUSD get back on track again. Send an email to the CUSD Board, Superintendent and Principals saying you care about this goal and you want to see progress. Mention one or all of the points above. Or, go to the next School Board meeting and fill out a card so you can speak about this.
Sincerely, The InclusioNado Team
Dear CUSD Governing Board Members,
As you know, last August you voted to change the CUSD Disciplinary Action Guide (DAG) to be more specific and call out verbal harassment of any form, including “biased language specifically related to race, religion, sexual orientation, ability or other discriminatory languages.” Thank you for this important first step forward.
We would like to know what happened next. Did you instruct the Superintendent and his staff to communicate this change to the CUSD community?
A change in the DAG on paper means little without CUSD’s clear communication to the broader school community. Did the CUSD staff roll out the DAG revision with any meaningful action or communication? What kind of training and guidance was given to all principals, teachers, and coaches about this important school standard of behavior, which directly relates to every student being safe every day?
We have not heard of any specific communication to all principals, teachers, coaches, and students about the changes to the DAG, its importance, and how the schools will uphold it. To the best of our knowledge, we have not seen any communication to all families that the Board made this DAG change to ensure every child feels safe every day at school.
As Board members, you have an obligation to ask staff for a report on how CUSD staff communicated the changes in the DAG to the school community at large and what concrete, measurable steps were taken. Staff, as directed by the Board, must be held responsible for implementing the updated DAG.
The community and the Equity Committee need this report from you.
Dear Coronado Unified School District Board Members,
We join InclusioNado to implore you to expedite the work of the Equity Committee to be responsive to the students, families and teachers who have asked CUSD since June 2020 to end racial and other forms of harassment of students in all of its schools.
Now, we ask you to form an End Harassment Subcommittee of the Equity Committee by March 1st, 2021. From the last Equity Committee meeting, we saw that there are Equity Committee volunteers willing to serve immediately and meet weekly if necessary.
The goals of the End Harassment Subcommittee will be to:
• Listen to students, alum and staff to identify and understand key issues that have
allowed harassment to occur.
• Document their recommendations.
• Explore best practices used in other schools to address racial and other harassment.
• Make recommendations for concrete actions to be taken by CUSD.
A realistic timeframe for accomplishing this work with a small, committed group of volunteers is three months.
Every student has the right to a safe school learning environment, free from harassment and disrespect. It is time to act now and make this a reality for All of our CUSD students.
Dear Coronado Unified School District Board of Supervisors,
We applaud the formation of the Equity Committee as an initial step to address relevant issues in the Coronado Unified School District (CUSD), and are committed to help you succeed in this important work. The InclusioNado team brings decades of experience in this field and looks forward to working with you to bring about meaningful and lasting change.
To that end, we would like you to address some specific recommendations and guidance to accelerate our collective progress:
- Develop and approve a Heritage and Mission Statement – Why was the Equity Committee formed? The history of why the CUSD Board formed the Equity Committee is needed. What were the reasons the Board decided to establish the Equity Committee? And what important events led CUSD to this point? By clearly presenting the history and framework, you educate Committee members, the Board and the community with transparency of purpose, which helps everyone.
- Develop and approve Goals and Objectives – Define with clarity the successful outcomes for the Equity Committee’s work. What are the Board’s measurable outcomes of success for the Committee? What exactly does the Board expect to accomplish through this work?
- Develop and share the Board’s commitment to the Committee. What will be the Board’s review and implementation process regarding Equity Committee recommendations? You are asking Committee volunteers to work for two years for CUSD, and they therefore must understand the CUSD Board’s commitment to those volunteers in reviewing their recommendations. What set of values or criteria will you use to review recommendations?
- Commit to a near term, visible success. The two-year timeline established to develop meaningful change can lose the sense of urgency and purpose that established the Equity Committee. To establish its growth and value to the Board, the Committee volunteers, and the community, you must make some meaningful, obvious progress to maintain the momentum that got you here.
We would therefore like the Board to take two specific actions:
- Hire an Equity Consultant. Your commitment to this important work dictates the need for a true expert to facilitate the above recommendations and gather critical data currently missing for the Equity Committee to understand pressing issues. Specific data is required to engage in group discussions to target attainable solutions. Some examples of meaningful data points include these questions:
- What is the diversity of the current staff?
- What are the limitations and how to overcome them to hire a more diverse staff?
- What types of racial harassment have occurred in our schools?
- How much of that is reported or dismissed?
- We have heard students do not report harassment because of fear of retribution. How widespread is that belief?
- What can be done to improve the reporting process?
- What are staff/student ideas and proven strategies for reducing harassment in school?
We cannot stress enough the importance of this step. This will show your concrete commitment to this effort and bring in the expertise needed to truly launch the Equity Committee with a firm footing and solid strategic direction.
- Agree that the topic of Harassment be the initial task for the Equity Committee to address, pending the integration of an Equity Consultant. The need to address school harassments was clearly identified during the student march this past summer. The School Board must address many difficult issues affecting students and develop specific strategies to address them. Our backgrounds in community building and racial justice can work with the Board and the Equity Committee to identify areas that need immediate consideration. Addressing this important challenge will lead to an immediate “win” that will establish the viability and importance of this work and the Equity Committee to the CUSD School Board, and the community at large.
The Equity Committee is in urgent need of clarity, critical data and transparency. Your leadership and active participation are crucial to make the Equity Committee a success. We urge you to consider our requests and appreciate your sense of urgency in addressing them.
InclusioNado Steering Committe
Dear Superintendent Mueller and the Coronado Unified School District Board,
The intent of this letter is to help the CUSD Board in its oversight of the Equity work that CUSD has agreed to do. In this work, there are two foundational, guiding principles that are essential: equity and transparency. Application of these two principles is key to developing the groundwork to start the process and will need to be used throughout the two-year endeavor.
Listen First. Lead with Data. Equity work starts with a learning phase where listening and data collection happen. The purpose is to gain a shared understanding of both overt and subtle ways in which a system succeeds and fails in treating all students equally. Equity professionals are trained to listen in an unbiased way to everyone: students, athletes, victims, staff, and parents. This provides critical data and a clear baseline to proceed to the next step which is to develop indicators of success.
Gather Data. Equity is Key. Some data is easy to collect such as the diversity of the staff and student body, the type of biased training staff and students are currently receiving,
the types and numbers of harassment complaints that have been filed.
However, for the purposes of this initiative, more complex data is mandatory. We have learned that teachers, students and coaches often fail to speak up or report when they witness racial and other forms of harassment. Similarly, the recipients of the harassment often do not report these incidents. These behaviors signify a culture of silence which keeps the status quo in place and harassment continues. There may be many reasons for this, but this is key to equity work. Research shows that if people are aware of this culture of silence, it is easier to break.
Gathering the data about the reluctance among the school staff and students to stand up, speak up and report harassment or bias is needed and this can be done through interviews and questionnaires.
Learn to work with those who have not been heard. A basic tenet of equity work is to provide an avenue for new voices to be heard. In the beginning of the equity work, it helps to group people with similarities to uncover issues. For example, interviewing a group of students and alums of color who have experienced harassment would provide a safe space to gather valuable data.
Similarly, a middle school student in an equity subgroup of adults is unlikely to speak as freely or be as creative developing solutions as the student would be if grouped with peers.
Analyze the Selection Criteria. When CUSD selected student leaders to be on the Equity Committee, bias was introduced. Student leaders, star athletes, ASB presidents could be very helpful on a campaign to end harassment at the school. However, for an Equity Committee seeking input and collaboration from a diverse population, the process of selecting students was neither equitable nor transparent.
Ensure Transparency. The process for equity work needs to be clearly written before decision-making begins. As an example, a transparent Equity Committee selection process
would have detailed in writing who makes the decision to pick one parent or student over another and with what criteria.
Several parents of color were asked to join the Committee only two days before the first Equity Committee meeting on November 19th. These candidates had extremely high marks on demonstrated commitment to equity work in the schools. It is of great concern that these parents were initially excluded and later invited, but only after a Board member
asked for a count on diversity. This is an example of how equity and transparency were not applied.
Building an Equity Committee implies an understanding of equity principles and how to use them in a transparent way while doing group work. Not all consultants know how to do this. Experienced and trained equity professionals can make this process easier for all if these guiding principles are applied consistently over the next two years. And, the data is needed now.
We applaud the decision to use facilitators to help with the Committee meetings. However, an experienced Equity consultant is needed to gather and present data and guide this process in a transparent, equitable way.
Nina Smart, InclusioNado
cc: Niamh Foley
Dear Athletic Directors and Islander Sports Foundation Board of Directors,
During this past summer, Coronado students, parents, teachers, and coaches spoke publicly of the recurring racial harassment that occurs within all our Coronado schools. Additionally, student-athletes and coaches spoke of racial and other harassment that happens in our Islander sports.
Our community group, InclusioNado, is working to ensure that responsible parties are aware that students and athletes have been and are currently being harassed as recently as this month. We are reaching out to you in a spirit of collaboration to take these claims seriously and explore ways to end this behavior. The Islander Sports Foundation is uniquely positioned to help this effort through their trusted relationships with coaches and student-athletes.
The Coronado Unified School District Board has announced an Equity Committee to address discriminatory actions and harassment in our schools. In anticipation of the Committee’s recommendations, we encourage you to review your sports programs now. We recommend the following areas where Coronado sports and the Islander Sports Foundation could take immediate action:
- Create clear and frequent communication to student-athletes and coaches that the CIF code of ethics includes no tolerance for racial or other slurs and there will be consequences for violation of the code. Item F in Section II of the CIF code of ethics refers to prohibiting “abusive language”. Now is the time to explain clearly in writing and for coaches to speak directly to athletes that racial or other slurs are considered abusive and therefore a violation of the code of ethics.
- Improve the process for reporting violations of ethical standards. Some student-athletes are aware of your policies but lack confidence in the current reporting process. A safe, confidential option for reporting ethical concerns without fear of retaliation is needed.
- Provide clarity about the coach’s role in setting expectations and enforcing the disciplinary process. Learn from other sports programs that have engaged coaches to address issues of harassment.
- Enforce consistent consequences for all athletes (male/female/varsity/JV) who engage in harassment. There must be clear disciplinary consequences for any violation with a stricter standard for older student-athletes and those with leadership positions in sports.
We believe through awareness, education, communication, and discipline we can reclaim a respectful, harassment-free environment for student sports in Coronado. This is a moment when the Islander Sports Foundation can truly make a difference. We suggest a meeting or Zoom call to discuss how InclusioNado might help with resources and support.
This summer we learned from Black alumni and students that racial harassment occurs in the Coronado schools. Parents, students, teachers and coaches spoke out and demanded that the school immediately stop allowing this. We called for a ban on racial slurs and any form of harassment and to fire teachers who violate this new guideline.
We expected a strong anti-harassment policy to be rolled out this Fall. Instead, not enough has been done to address this. A broader effort with leadership and clear communication is urgently needed. Here is how we suggest CUSD build a strong policy to ensure our students are free from harassment:
Use clear language in the Disciplinary Action Guide (DAG) to ban slurs and harassment. In September, you added “the use of biased language” into the DAG: this language is confusing and vague. You must make the new guideline explicitly clear by stating “racial slurs and any form of harassment based on race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or abilities is banned”.
Use equity to determine the discipline level. The DAG already set the disciplinary standard at a Level 4 when emotional distress is caused by cyberbullying. Since harassment also causes emotional distress, apply the same standard. Add a Level 4 discipline to the new anti-harassment guideline.
Reach out to BlPOC in our school community to learn how the current complaint process could improve so that students will use it and ask how to help students if they are harassed.
Add an on-line option on your website where students can report any hate-based incidents.
Inform all Principals and Vice Principals. Meet with your leaders and inform them of past violations, why you created the new anti-harassment policy, the consistent discipline that will be applied and that they will be held accountable for teaching all staff about this new policy.
Write a strong, clear policy for all teachers and staff stating that using racial slurs is unacceptable and termination will result if this policy is violated. Adults must be held accountable to model the behavior we want from our students.
Ask teachers and coaches what kind of training they need to teach no tolerance of racial harassment. We learned racial harassment happens in the classroom, on the playground, in the cafeteria, on the sports teams and in the online breakout sessions during distance learning.
Train your coaches. Coaches and players told us of racial harassment in CUSD sports teams. Train coaches about the new anti-harassment policy and inform them they will be held accountable for consistently disciplining players who commit violations.
Keep students and parents informed as these actions are taken.You do not need a two-year equity planning process to implement these changes. One student’s complaint is enough to be a catalyst for change, you’ve heard from multiple parents, alumni and students. There is no excuse to delay, and we are here to support if, and when needed. We care deeply that all our students are treated with respect. Show leadership to ensure this happens by clearly communicating a new, strong anti-harassment policy to all students, parents, staff, coaches and principals.
We are better than this. Coronado must avoid the ugly divisiveness tearing apart so many other places in the US. These fevered times require civility, goodwill, and mutual understanding- not irrational fear-mongering and conspiratorial misinformation. Recently, efforts to enact CUSD’s Equity Action Plan have been mischaracterized by one opponent as a “Marxist”, by another as a “Nazi”, to brainwash our kids. Such vitriol is detrimental for our school system, uninviting for our community, and, most importantly, stands as a terrible role model for our students. So, let’s get the facts straight and find a way to move forward as a unified community- doing what’s sensible, avoiding needless divisions, and responding to reality, not groundless fears.
CUSD’s Equity Board Policy goals are to:
- Enact clear consequences for racial slurs.
- Form a committee that will create an Equity Action Plan that will provide a safe place for students of color and a more diverse and inclusive school district.
- Establish a forum of stakeholders such as parents, teachers, and students in order to share experiences and perspectives on this very important matter.
Our local need is clear. Coronado students, alumni (including our former captain of the football team), and parents have endured racial harassment, bullying, and slurs- including being called the N-word or told they stink and have AIDS. Up until now, CUSD has lacked effective policies to deal with such outrageous behavior. This isn’t a question of politicizing our schools; it is just simple decency and standard educational practice.
Donna Manning, on behalf of InclusioNado
On August 10, superintendent Karl Mueller released a copy of Ms. Foley’s Board Policy on Equity. At the June 18 school board meeting, the Board tasked the district with developing an Action Plan on Racism after the community overwhelmingly demanded that CUSD address pervasive racism. During the eight weeks that have passed, the district has not reached out to students of color, their families, or key staff to learn what changes need to occur within CUSD. No surveys were sent out to students of color or their families asking for input into the plan. The policy focuses primarily on academic achievement and equity; however, academic achievement has never been cited by any CUSD Black students this summer as a concern to them, nor is it reflected in CUSD’s 2018 Learning Report.
This plan should not be a “one size fits all” approach intended for a school with different issues. Ms. Foley cites codes that reference homeless children, foster youth, and migrant education programs. Students of color are described in this document as “marginalized learners” who have “impediments to learning.” These terms are offensive and untrue and do not reflect the concerns shared by students or families.
Having polled over 200 students, families, and alumni, we at InclusioNado have found that racism and bigotry do exist in CUSD. The students who spoke at the march, the videos and stories posted on the Coronado Times, Sasha Hofisi’s video, and the data we have collected indicate that the issues that need to be addressed include:
- the prolific use of racial slurs
- the lack of discipline when slurs are used
- the Anglo-centric curriculum
- the lack of diversity among the teaching staff
- the lack of teacher training on bias and racism.
We know of many Black students who have left the district and are now at Francis Parker and other elite private schools because they and their parents were tired of the overt racism and harassment, and they tired of their complaints going unaddressed. Clearly, these students are not academically or financially disadvantaged. In Mr. Mueller’s July 1 interview in the Eagle, he listed the need to address racism through discipline policies. He also stated that he hopes to “continue the dialogue with the student body” in order to learn; and yet, to our knowledge, he has not reached out to students of color or their parents this summer. Why does the Action Plan on Racism (now the Equity Plan) not address the issue Mr. Mueller proposed? In the following pages, we will highlight just some of the ways in which this plan is not relevant to the concerns and complaints of students of color or their families in CUSD.
CSBA Sample Board Policy
Philosophy, Goals, Objectives, and Comprehensive Plans
Note: The following optional policy addresses district recognition and response to the unique barriers facing each segment of the district’s student population.
Pursuant to Education Code 201, California schools have an affirmative obligation to combat racism, sexism, and other forms of bias, and have a responsibility to provide equal educational opportunity to all students. Education Code 51007 requires that all students enrolled in the state’s public elementary and secondary schools, regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, gender expression, physical disability, geographic location, or socioeconomic background, shall have equitable access to educational programs designed to strengthen technological skills, including, but not limited to, computer education programs. Education Code 220 further prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, nationality, immigration status, race or ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or any other characteristic that is contained in the definition of hate crimes set forth in Section 422.55 of the Penal Code in any program or activity conducted by the district.
The Governing Board believes that the diversity that exists among the district’s community of students, staff, parents/guardians, and community members is integral to the district’s vision, mission, and goals. Addressing the needs of the most marginalized learners requires recognition of the inherent value of diversity and acknowledgement that educational excellence requires a commitment to equity in the opportunities provided to students and the resulting outcomes.
(cf. 0000 -Vision)
(cf. 0100 -Philosophy)
(cf. 0200 -Goals for the School District)
(cf. 0410 -Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities)
(cf. 5145.3 -Nondiscrimination/Harassment)
In order to eradicate institutional bias of any kind, including implicit or unintentional biases and prejudices that affect student achievement, and to eliminate disparities in educational outcomes for students from historically underserved and underrepresented populations, the district shall proactively identify class and cultural biases as well as practices, policies, and institutional barriers that negatively influence student learning, perpetuate achievement gaps, and impede equal access to opportunities for all students. The Board shall make decisions with deliberate awareness of impediments to learning faced by students of color and/or diverse cultural, linguistic, or socioeconomic backgrounds. To ensure that equity is the intentional result of district decisions, the Board shall consider whether its decisions address the needs of students from racial, ethnic, and indigent communities and remedy the inequities that such communities experienced in the context of a history of exclusion, discrimination, and segregation.
Board decisions shall not rely on biased or stereotypical assumptions about any particular group of students.
(cf. 6173 -Education for Homeless Children)
(cf. 6173.1 -Education for Foster Youth)
(cf. 6174 -Education for English Learners)
(cf. 6175 -Migrant Education Program)
(cf. 9000 -Role of the Board)
(cf. 9310 -Board Policies)
The Board and the Superintendent or designee shall develop and implement policies and strategies to promote equity in district programs and activities, through measures such as the following:
1. Routinely assessing student needs based on data disaggregated by race, ethnicity, and socio-economic and cultural backgrounds in order to enable an equity-focused policy, planning, and resource development decisions
(cf. 0400 -Comprehensive Plans)
(cf. 0460 -Local Control and Accountability Plan)
(cf. 6162.5 -Student Assessment)
Note: Pursuant to 20 USC 6311, states must publish per-pupil expenditures, including personnel expenditures and non-personnel expenditures, by the school. Districts can analyze this financial data, along with other data sources, to ensure equitable allocation of financial and human resources across the district.
2. Analyzing expenditures and allocating financial and human resources in a manner that provides all students with equitable access to district programs, support services, and opportunities for success and promotes equity and inclusion in the district. Such resources include access to high-quality administrators, teachers, and other school personnel; funding; technology, equipment, textbooks, and other instructional materials; facilities; and community resources or partnerships.
No students of color or their parents have expressed a need for equitable access to services. They have, however, expressed the desire to have an Assistant Principal who has not used the n-word to a group of students. To them, that type of administrator is not “high quality.” They have also asked that administrators be “high quality” by addressing their complaints of racial harassment, rather than ignoring them.
(cf. 0440 -District Technology Plan)
(cf. 3100 -Budget)
(cf. 4113 -Assignment)
(cf. 7110 -Facilities Master Plan)
3. Enabling and encouraging students to enroll in, participate in, and complete curricular and extracurricular courses, advanced college preparation programs, and other student activities
Can you share data that is specific to our school district, highlighting this is an area of need?
(cf. 6141.4 -International Baccalaureate Program)
(cf. 6141.5 -Advanced Placement)
(cf. 6143 -Courses of Study)
(cf. 6145 -Extracurricular and Co-curricular Activities)
(cf. 6152.1 -Placement in Mathematics Courses)
4. Building a positive school climate that promotes student engagement, safety, and academic and other supports for students
The issue of a safe educational space was a top priority for most students of color, and concerns were raised about inadequate support systems. Will the above action include a disciplinary policy tackling racist language and micro-aggressions in our district? Will the support mechanisms put in place allow for a transparent process? How are you going to support harmed students?
(cf. 5137 -Positive School Climate)
5. Adopting curriculum and instructional materials that accurately reflect the diversity among student groups
The above statement would be more accurate if it said: “Adopting curriculum and instructional materials that accurately reflect the diversity among Americans.” The challenge with wanting to reflect diversity among the “student groups” in Coronado is that they are already limited. The voices of persons of color are paramount regardless of the school’s demographic. Remember, only 21% of public school students across California are White. Coronado students need to be as prepared as the rest of California students for interacting with people of other ethnicities and races.
(cf. 6141 -Curriculum Development and Evaluation)
(cf. 6161.1 -Selection and Evaluation of Instructional Materials)
6. Providing and/or collaborating with local agencies and community groups to ensure the availability of necessary support services for students in need
Do we have any specifics as to what these needs are, and will students be allowed to access said services directly? Are these for financial assistance or psychological assistance? Due to past racist behavior from some of the teaching staff and inadequate support with these incidents from others, students will lack the confidence to approach teachers for referrals.
A better course of action would be to prioritize preventing the need for mental health support services by banning racial slurs on campus and giving consistent strict consequences each time they are used.
(cf. 1400 -Relations Between Other Governmental Agencies and the Schools)
(cf. 6164.2 -Guidance/Counseling Services)
(cf. 6164.5 -Student Success Teams)
(cf. 6179 -Supplemental Instruction)
7. Promoting the employment and retention of a diverse staff that reflects the student demographics of the community
What is our current data regarding non-White teachers? And which student group has been highlighted as lacking representation among the staff? More importantly, students need diverse teachers, not diverse staff. And teachers should represent Americans, not the community demographics. This is imperative to prepare our students for life outside of Coronado.
8. Providing district staff with ongoing, researched-based, professional learning and professional development on culturally responsive instructional practices
Culturally responsive instructional practices, though beneficial in some schools, are not the main need for the Coronado student population. Rather, students of color need teachers to be educated on their own biases and have an understanding of systemic racism.
(cf. 4131 -Staff Development)
(cf. 4231 -Staff Development)
(cf. 4331 -Staff Development)
9. Conducting program evaluations that focus on equity and address the academic outcomes and performance of all students on all indicators.
Relevant data on academic outcomes has already been collected by CUSD and demonstrates that there is no difference between the academic achievements of Black students and their peers. This same data does, however, show that the area of need is with ESL students.
(cf. 0500 -Accountability)
The Board shall regularly monitor the intent and impact of district policies and decisions in order to safeguard against disproportionate or unintentional impact on access to district programs and achievement goals for specific student populations in need of services.
Sincerly, The InclusioNado Community